DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2306-2436.7.6.2018.158615

Problems and solutions in field of health promotion among the young population of the Republic of Moldova

G. Fryptulyak, S. Cheban, A. Sazaku-Stratou, A. Kirlych, R. Delouu, V. Rubanovich

Abstract


Background. The main goal of state policy in the field of health and demography of any state is to reduce mortality and increase life expectancy by improving its quality. Of particular importance for achieving this goal is the problem of preserving and strengthening the health of the population and especially the younger generation, since "the good health of the population is an important condition for ensuring the economic and social progress of any country." The purpose of this work is to summarize the experience of healthy lifestyle development in the Republic of Moldova and to identify the main trends in the health of the younger generation and the possibility of promoting the European experience in health promotion. The purpose of this work is to summarize the experience of healthy lifestyle development in the Republic of Moldova and to identify the main trends in the health of the younger generation and the possibility of promoting the European experience in health promotion. Materials and methods. A descriptive study was carried out, which includes an analysis of the international and national legal framework in the area of healthy lifestyle development, the experience of economically developed countries in improving public health and a review of scientific research in this area. Results. A description of the problems and achievements in the field of healthy lifestyle development in the younger generation of the Republic of Moldova at the present stage is presented. The priorities and key principles of health policy, the fundamental strategies of healthy lifestyle development, the elements and main objectives of this activity are identified. The legislative base of the Republic of Moldova is given, which reflects the goal, objectives, necessary measures for healthy lifestyle development. Unfortunately, the formation of healthy lifestyles is not yet fully understood as a priority activity by central and local administrative authorities. Therefore, important and persistent actions are needed to create and implement decisions of the Government and healthy lifestyle development programs at all levels. Conclusions. Socio-economic transformations that have occurred in the Republic of Moldova since the declaration of independence. In the Republic of Moldova, important but incomplete measures are being taken to implement European priorities in the area of promoting a healthy lifestyle. Everything is not only the development, but also the implementation of all government decisions. It is necessary to mobilize all interested parties for actions on HLMF at the individual, family, and administrative levels.


Keywords


public health; Healthy Lifestyle; health policy; le­gislative base

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