DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2306-2436.9.2.2020.205213

Socio-medical aspects of the impact of the economic crisis as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic on palliative and hospice care in the world and in Ukraine

O.O. Volf, A.V. Tsarenko, N.M. Velichko, O.I. Tolstykh, A.M. Bondarchuk

Abstract


Background. In the period 2020-2030, the need for palliative and hospice care (PHC) worldwide will be significant, due in particular to the fact that the number of elderly people is constantly growing and the number of people dying each year from chronic diseases increasing too. The purpose was to identify the main socio-medical, socio-economic and technological factors whose impact on the development of PHC will be decisive in the next 10-15 years in the background of the global socio-economic crisis due to the ­COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and methods. There were used national and international literature sources, results gained by the Charitable organization "Association of palliative and hospice care", which used methods of modeling the future, proposed by the sociological company "Active Group", the results of a sociological study; there were applied bibliosemantic, statistical and sociological research methods. Results. One of the important trends in the global economic crisis due to the COVID-19 pandemic is the growing need of PHC in state and municipal funding and the increasing role of governments in supporting hospices. Another trend for the next 10-15 years is that the use of new information and communication technologies will develop in PHC. Conclusions. One of the important trends in the actualisation of the global socio-economic crisis due to the ­COVID-19 pandemic is the reduction of state and municipal funding for PHC, which will require increased funding from fundraising and donors (philanthropists). Modern information and communication technologies related to artificial intelligence and virtual technologies will be increasingly integrated into the field of PHC. The future of PHC in the context of the economic recession due to the COVID-19 pandemic will largely depend on awareness of the value of human capital and adequate provision of PHC by qualified and motivated staff. In Ukraine, too, there are currently significant problems with staffing PНC, which requires the government to develop and implement a program of the staff motivation and training.

Keywords


palliative and hospice care; ICT; incurable patients; palliative patients; elderly; multidisciplinary approach; the COVID-19 pandemic; socio-economic crisis; social work, social policy; civic participation in the formation of social policy of the state

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