Medical and social features of covid-19 in ukraine

Authors

  • O.G. Shekera Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Kyiv, Ukraine; International Public Organization "International Association "Health of Society", Kyiv, Ukraine
  • V.I. Tkachenko Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Kyiv, Ukraine; International Public Organization "International Association "Health of Society", Kyiv, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22141/2306-2436.9.6.2020.226951

Keywords:

COVID-19, clinical features, diagnosis, treatment, immunity, social significance of the pandemic

Abstract

Background. The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, was announced by the World Health Organization on March 11, 2020 and identified as having a significant negative impact on the functioning of health systems and the economic development of countries. To date, we know the impact of the pandemic on the decrease in the availability of medical care, difficulties with the annual monitoring and screening of socially significant diseases. But we will be able to fully assess the medical, clinical and psychosocial consequences of the pandemic, which are just beginning to manifest themselves, only in the coming years. The purpose was to study and analyze the features of clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, immunity and social significance of the COVID-19 pandemic in Ukraine. Materials methods. The available current normative and literary sources were investigated. Methods: bibliosemantic - for studying the lokal and world science and information space on the problem under study; a systematic approach and analysis - for a comprehensive study of an object, a subject in a systemic relationship, for analyzing problematic issues, ways to solve them. Results. The medical feature of COVID-19 in Ukraine is the two-stage course of the disease 1-10 days - active replication of the virus; 8-14 days or longer - immune dysfunction (eg, respiratory problems, other serious conditions). Often recorded injury of the lungs in the form of pneumonitis, although it is mainly the disease of mild or moderate severity. Diagnostic is based on the detection of the RNA of the virus using PCR or immunoglobulins by ELISA. Treatment is mostly symptomatic. The social significance of the COVID-19 pandemic was reflected in the increase in patients with mental disorders, victims of domestic violence, deterioration in the health of the population due to the limited availability of many types of medical services, increased workload and housework, decreased income and a deterioration in the quality of life. Conclusions. The COVID-19 pandemic over the year of its existence has caused changes in many spheres of life of the world's population, and Ukraine is not an exception. Disease COVID-19 has nonspecific symptoms, can proceed under the mask of many pathological conditions. especially in the presence of comorbid diseases. The pathogenetic features of the course of COVID-19 are poorly understood, which limits the possibilities of effective etiopathogenetic therapy. The virus constantly mutates and leaves an unstable and short-lived immunity, which explains its diversity of the clinical symproms in different populations. In addition to a direct increase in morbidity and mortality due to COVID-19, the virus can affect the psychoemotional state of people, reduce income and deterioration in nutrition, especially among the most vulnerable segments of the population, which requires taking these aspects into account when making decisions at the legislative level with an emphasis on addressing gender and social inequality.

References

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Published

2021-04-19

Issue

Section

Мedicine