Heart disease as a permanent problem
Keywords:public health, heart diseases, risk factors, preventive and rehabilitative strategies
Background. Chronic noncommunicable diseases remain actual for a long time due to their impact on life expectancy and health of the world's population. Heart diseases as representatives of chronic non-infectious diseases are extremely actual. They remain the leading cause of disability and premature death for humankind. The purpose of the study: to analyze the incidence and mortality of the population from heart diseases in certain developed countries of the world, European countries, in particular in Ukraine, the risk factors that cause them, and to determine possible directions of preventive and rehabilitation strategies to improve the epidemic situation in Ukraine. Materials and methods. Data from meta-analyzes and systematic reviews from academic databases; data from state and health care statistics; methods: bibliosemantic, comparative, medical and statistical analysis, generalization. Results. It was found that the number of years lived by mankind with disabilities increased by 4.5 % over 10 years due to heart diseases. It is shown that the level of morbidity and mortality is significantly higher in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, in particular, in Ukraine, in comparison with Sweden, Great Britain, Canada, the USA and Western European countries. It was revealed that the highest levels of mortality caused by risk factors for the population of all these countries and regions are associated with High Blood Pressure, nutrition, High Blood Cholesterol, however, in terms of values, they significantly prevail in the countries of Eastern Europe, in particular, in Ukraine, with an increase over 2009 – 2019 due to High Blood Pressure – from 494.88 to 536.51 per 100 thousand people, nutrition – from 397.29 to 430.66 per 100 thousand people, High Blood Cholesterol – from 345.98 to 373.13 per 100 thousand people. The population and personal strategies for the prevention of heart diseases and rehabilitation of patients depending on the clinical condition in Ukraine have been substantiated. Conclusions. The impact of heart diseases on the population health is constantly increasing. It confirms the permanence of the problem and requires constant attention and effective measures from the governments of countries and health systems.
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