Analysis of the gestational period and perinatal outcomes in women after surgical treatment of the cervix
Keywords:complications of gestation and postpartum periods, surgical organ-preserving treatment of the cervix
Background. The purpose was to conduct a comparative analysis of the course of pregnancy and perinatal outcomes in women who underwent treatment of the cervix using various organ preserving surgical methods. Material and methods. We examined 250 women of reproductive age who underwent excision or ablative treatment of the cervix before pregnancy. The subjects were divided into five groups depending on the cervix treatment method. The study used general clinical examination protocols outlined in the regulations № 417 and № 676 issued by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. The results. The most frequent complications of pregnancy in the patients with cervical surgery were: threatened abortion, threatened of preterm birth, anemia, low placentation, placental dysfunction, and low levels of amniotic fluid. Childbirth complications in women who underwent excision or ablation treatment of the cervix before pregnancy predominantly consisted of labor abnormalities, premature amniotic sac rupture, fetal distress, tears of the cervix and perineum. Among the complications of the postpartum period, there were isolated cases of subinvolution of the uterus, lochiometers, metroendometritis, and lactostasis. There were no cases of intrapartum and early neonatal mortality among the newborns. Conclusions. Given the high frequency of gestational and postpartum complications in women after organ-sparing surgical treatment of the cervix, it is necessary to choose the least harmful approach. The lowest incidence of complications during pregnancy, intra and postnatal periods was observed in the women who underwent laser vaporization and radio-wave ablation.
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Copyright (c) 2021 K.V. Zarichanska, O.V. Gorbunova
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